Introduction of spices:
Perfume, also known as fragrant raw materials, is a substance that can be smelled or tasted by the sense of smell. Except for individual varieties, most spices cannot be used alone. Spices are mostly used in daily necessities, food, tobacco, etc., and are closely related to people’s daily life. With the rapid development of the national economy, the diversified needs of consumers have driven the growth of fast-moving consumer goods such as food, cosmetics, cigarettes, and medical care, which has correspondingly driven the rapid development of the flavor and fragrance industry.
Types of spices:
Spices are divided into natural fragrances and artificial fragrances, of which natural fragrances include animal natural fragrances and plant natural fragrances; artificial fragrances include isolated fragrances and synthetic fragrances.
Plant-Based Natural Flavor
Fiora natural perfume: It is made of flowers, branches, leaves, grass, roots, bark, stems, seeds or fruits of aromatic plants, steam distillation, extraction, pressing, and absorption. and other methods to produce essential oils, extracts, tinctures, balsams, balsam resins and absolute oils, such as rose oil, jasmine extract, vanilla tincture, white balsam, turmeric resin, narcissus absolute, etc. Ancient humans used all natural spices. The development of synthetic fragrances only began after the First World War. Rose, jasmine, tuberose, vetiver and iris are still popular natural plant fragrances with floral aromas, and are also important components of various daily fragrances such as succulents and oriental fragrances.
Animal natural flavors
Animal natural perfume (Fauna natural perfume): is the secretion or excrement of animals.
There are more than a dozen kinds of animal natural flavors, and only four kinds of musk, ambergris, civet and castore can be formed into commercial products and are often used. Ethanol is often used to make tinctures. Almost all of the more expensive flavor formulations on the market (such as flavors used in high-end cosmetics such as high-end perfumes) contain animal flavors.
Ambergris is a pathologically secreted stone produced in the intestines of sperm whales. Its density is lower than that of water. After being excreted, it floats on the sea surface or washes ashore for collection by people.
Castorum, beaver grows in places like Canada, Alaska, and Siberia. There are two piriform gland sacs near the genitals of beavers, and the white milky viscous fluid in them is castoreum, which is secreted by both male and female beavers. The musk deer is a wild animal that grows in Nepal, Tibet and the northwestern plateau of my country. Male musk deer secrete musk from the age of 2, and the pale yellow, ointment-like secretion secreted from the scrotum is stored in the sachet located at the umbilicus of the musk deer. , and excreted from the body through the central orifice.
Civet Incense Civet Incense comes from the sac-like secretory glands of civet cats. No special processing is required.
For example, coumarin, phenethyl alcohol and linalool synthesized from acetylene and acetone are used to separate purer fragrance components from essential oils by physical or chemical methods. Cedarwood isolated from cedar wood oil, etc.; semi-synthetic fragrances derived from isolated fragrances or terpene compounds in essential oils through chemical reactions,Such as ionone obtained from citral, terpineol synthesized from pinene, etc. Most of the isolated flavors and semi-synthetic flavors can also be prepared by the total synthesis method, but the aroma quality is slightly different.
Synthesized with chemical raw materials is called fully synthetic fragrance, such as coumarin, phenylethyl alcohol and linalool synthesized from acetylene and acetone.
The production of synthetic fragrances is not limited by natural conditions, the product quality is stable, the price is relatively low, and many products do not exist in nature but have unique aromas, so they have developed rapidly in the past 20 years. Among them, vanillin, coumarin, phenylethyl alcohol, jasmine aldehyde and artificial sandalwood have a considerable reputation in the international market.
The main use is for the deployment of flavors, which are also known as flavors. Compared with other plants or substances, spices are unique in their attractive aroma, soothing and healing properties. The use of spices can basically be divided into fumigation, painting, consumption, architectural carving and so on.
Plant-based spices are often added to stews, etc., to enhance the aroma of food. For example, Chinese mint, cinnamon, laurel leaves, star anise, cinnabar seeds, lemongrass, sweet-scented osmanthus and jasmine, white orchid, tree orchid, etc., are essential condiments on the Chinese table; Indian sandalwood and Lemongrass, jasmine from Egypt, rosewood from Guyana, lavender from France, rose from Bulgaria, spearmint from the United States and citrus from Italy are all internationally renowned.
Fragrances are widely used in soaps, detergents, various cosmetics (cold cream, vanishing cream, hair cream, hair wax, shampoo, toilet water and perfume, etc.), skin care and beauty products, toothpaste, air cleaners and bactericides and other environmental hygiene products , Candy, biscuits, beverages, tobacco, wine, soy milk, dairy products, vegetable protein foods, as well as flavoring of medicine, paper, plastic, leather, fabric, etc. It is an indispensable existence in people’s daily life.
In recent years, countries such as Switzerland, the United States, Germany, Japan and South Korea have been very active in the application of natural flavors, mainly tending to study the functions of natural flavors, such as immunity, sedation of the nervous system, anti-cancer, anti-aging , anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. There are many studies on natural spice extraction in China. With the change of people’s consumption concept, considering the safety and environmental problems of chemically synthesized substances, the dosage of chemically synthesized fragrances is gradually decreasing, while the application of natural fragrances is becoming more and more extensive. Natural spices are increasingly favored by people because of their green, safe and environmentally friendly features. The world’s natural spice production is increasing at a rate of 10 to 15 percent every year.